The Recommended Diet for Hyperthyroidism

The Recommended Diet for Hyperthyroidism

Hyperthyroidism occurs when the gland overproduces the thyroid hormones T3 and T4. High levels of thyroid hormones can be toxic to your body; therefore, treatment is crucial. Untreated hyperthyroidism can result in health issues such as heart problems and bone loss. Therefore, early diagnosis through a thyroid blood test is essential.

Adhering to a prescribed diet can lessen the negative effects of hyperthyroidism and help your thyroid stay healthy while taking certain nutrients and minerals that will help balance your thyroid function.

Foods to Eat

A low-iodine diet is typically recommended for hyperthyroidism. Since the thyroid uses iodine to produce hormones, low levels of iodine in your diet will help decrease thyroid hormones. Below is a list of food low in iodine which you can include in your diet:

  • Non-iodised salt
  • Unsalted nuts and butter
  • Potatoes
  • Honey
  • Maple syrup
  • Fresh vegetables
  • Fruits and fresh juices
  • Herbs and spices
  • Vegetable oils
  • Jams

Cruciferous vegetables contain compounds that lessen thyroid hormone production and interfere with your thyroid’s ability to use iodine, proving it beneficial for hyperthyroidism. These vegetables include:

  • Brussels sprouts
  • Cabbage
  • Kale
  • Arugula
  • Radish
  • Bok choy
  • Cauliflower
  • Broccoli

Selenium is a micronutrient that aids in metabolising thyroid hormones. People under thyroid medication and taking selenium supplements may revert to normal thyroid levels faster than those who do not use selenium. Selenium-rich foods include:

  • Brazil nuts
  • Rice
  • Fortified cereals or pasta
  • Oatmeal
  • Spinach
  • Baked beans
  • Egg whites

Iron is crucial for maintaining thyroid health. Low levels of iron have been linked to hyperthyroidism. To keep an adequate amount of iron, include these foods in your diet:

  • Fortified cereals that do not contain a lot of iodine
  • Raisins
  • Spinach

Longstanding hyperthyroidism can lead to osteoporosis due to decreased bone mineral density. Consuming food containing calcium and vitamin D can benefit bone health. These food include:

  • Broccoli
  • Milk but not more than once a day
  • Fortified orange juice
  • Kale
  • Bok choy
  • Salmon and tuna

Foods to Avoid

In contrast to consuming low-iodine foods, avoiding iodine-rich food is also necessary. These foods are as follows:

  • Iodised salt
  • Seaweeds or kelp
  • Dairy products
  • Egg yolks
  • Fish and shellfish
  • Food contains red dye
  • Baked goods with iodate

Soy consumption has been shown to interfere with radioactive iodine therapy potentially. Soy products to avoid include:

  • Soy milk
  • Soy sauce
  • Tofu
  • Edamame beans
  • Soybean oil

Moreover, caffeine can worsen symptoms of hyperthyroidism, such as palpitations, anxiety, tremors, and insomnia. Keep away from caffeinated products like:

  • Regular coffee
  • Black tea
  • Chocolate
  • Energy drinks
  • Caffeinated soda

Treatment, following a recommended diet and regular thyroid blood tests all help you achieve optimum thyroid health again. Let Anna Pharmacy assist you in your recovery.

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